StarCluster - Mailing List Archive

Re: Star cluster not creating instances on Amazon's East Region

From: Justin Riley <no email>
Date: Wed, 1 Aug 2012 01:39:28 -0400

There would be some impact in terms of network latency given that, in
theory, nodes *might* be assigned to different availability zones which
means different data centers and thus higher network latency. This could
affect the performance of things like NFS-shares on the cluster as well
as any applications that require a lot of network communication between
nodes but it's hard to quantify the exact performance hit in this case
due to the randomness of where instances are allocated in the data

So depending on whether Amazon spreads the instances across multiple
zones or not there could be a trade-off between network performance vs
launch reliability.

With that said I'm leaning towards changing the default in favor of
launch reliability given that others have occassionally encountered
similar errors from AWS concerning oversubscribed zones. Not to mention
the network latency between nodes in general is suboptimal even when
launching in the same zone given that nodes are often separated by many
routers even within the same data center. My guess is that if possible,
Amazon will choose the same zone for instances by default but I need to
test this to make sure.

If we made this switch I would also add a flag that enables the old
behavior of trying to launch all nodes in the same availability zone for
those that care and understand the risks. This way it's an optimization
flag instead of a 'deoptimization' flag and the default behavior is more
likely to 'just work' for users. I could also add an optional setting to
the config to set the 'zone launch strategy' by default for different
cluster configs.

What do folks think?


On Wed, Aug 01, 2012 at 10:00:42AM +0530, Vipin Shankar wrote:
> Thanks Justin for the detailed response.
> Would there be any performance impact if we nodes are created across AZs
> (with the optional flag implementation) ?
> -Vipin
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Justin Riley
> Sent: Tuesday, July 31, 2012 11:16 PM
> To: Erik Gafni
> Cc: Ramit Bhardwaj ; ; Vipin Shankar
> Subject: Re: [StarCluster] Star cluster not creating instances on Amazon's
> East Region
> Hash: SHA1
> Hi Ramit,
> That error comes directly from AWS.
> In the case that you don't specify an availability zone in your
> cluster config StarCluster first launches the master node, then
> determines which zone Amazon chose *within* the us-east-1 region for
> the master, and then launches the rest of the nodes using that zone in
> order to improve cluster locality. Sometimes if the zone is
> overloaded, as you encountered, the request to start the nodes fails.
> If you're using external EBS volumes with your cluster then you're
> implicitly specifying an availability zone given that volumes can only
> be attached to instances within their zone and thus StarCluster must
> pick the volume's availability zone as the zone for the entire cluster.
> I think it's clear now that we should have an optional flag that
> disables trying to launch all instances within the same zone and
> simply lets Amazon pick the zone for each node (except for master in
> case of EBS volumes). If folks have opinions on this I'd be happy to
> hear them...
> For the time being, if you're not using external EBS volumes then you
> can specify the zone to use when launching a cluster:
> $ starcluster start -a us-east-1a mycluster
> Otherwise if you're using external EBS volumes you will need to
> snapshot your volume and recreate it in another zone that's available
> in order for StarCluster to launch the instances in an alternate zone...
> HTH,
> ~Justin
> On 07/31/2012 01:20 PM, Erik Gafni wrote:
> > It looks like that AWS region is at capacity and physically out of
> > those instance types. Either try different instance types or
> > switch regions.
> >
> > On Tue, Jul 31, 2012 at 4:58 AM, Ramit Bhardwaj
> > < <>>
> > wrote:
> >
> > Hello,
> >
> > We are using 'Star cluster' for creating clusters on Amazon Cloud.
> > But off late, we are seeing the following error in our logs when we
> > try to create a cluster on the US-East region:
> >
> > "!!! ERROR - Unsupported: The requested Availability Zone is
> > currently constrained and we are no longer accepting new customer
> > requests for t1/m1/c1/m2 instance types. Please retry your request
> > by not specifying an Availability Zone or choosing us-east-1a,
> > us-east-1d, us-east-1c."
> >
> > Is there anything that we are missing here? The exact setup was
> > working perfectly till last month. We are seeing this problem since
> > last one month.
> >
> > Also, in the forums i did not see anyone reporting this issue. Are
> > there any changes to any policy or something? Please advice.
> >
> > Best Regards Ramit _______________________________________________
> > StarCluster mailing list
> > <>
> >
> >
> >
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Received on Wed Aug 01 2012 - 01:39:33 EDT
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